Australia’s melanoma rates once again highest in the world

Published: Comments:
Health & Wellness Lifestyle Science & Research

Social:   

Australia has regained the unenviable title of having the world’s highest rates of invasive melanoma.

The study conducted by QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute and published today in The Journal of Investigative Dermatology, has found that invasive melanoma rates in Australians have plateaued, while rates in New Zealand have started to fall.

It is an update of the findings of a 2016 study by QIMR Berghofer, which showed New Zealand had the highest rates in the world.

Invasive melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, which is capable of spreading to other parts of the body.

The most recently available data show that in 2014/2015 about 50 in every 100,000 Australians were diagnosed with invasive melanoma, compared to about 47 out of every 100,000 New Zealanders.

QIMR Berghofer Senior Scientist and Deputy Director Professor David Whiteman said the Australian figures were surprising because the 2016 analyses had suggested that melanoma incidence would decline in both countries.

“The main difference between the populations of Australia and New Zealand is in the 60-plus age groups,” Professor Whiteman said.

The incidence rates continue to rise in all of the other population groups, including US Caucasians, the UK, Sweden, Norway, and Canada at rates of between 1.7 per cent and 4.8 per cent per annum.

Professor Whiteman said the fact that rates were no longer rising in New Zealand, Australia and Denmark could be attributed to those countries taking more steps to implement community-wide skin cancer prevention programs.

“In Denmark, population studies show a big drop in the number of Danes using sunbeds since a 10-year national sun safety campaign began in 2007.”

“Unfortunately in North America, Sweden and Norway, melanoma rates are rising with no signs of abating,” Professor Whiteman said.

“Australia has a long history of coordinated and broad-reaching primary prevention campaigns, beginning in the early 1980s, whereas in the US, UK, Norway and Sweden such programs were implemented at least a decade later.

“In Canada, there is no nationally coordinated approach to skin cancer prevention, and efforts at the provincial level have been limited.”

Professor Whiteman said it was too early to tell if current trends in melanoma incidence in Australia, New Zealand and Denmark would continue over time.

“We need to keep monitoring these trends to understand the impact of control efforts in place in each jurisdiction,” he said.

 
QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute :
PO Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, 4029, Brisbane
07 3845 3752
QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute
Showing 10+ recent articles for this business
Safer bone marrow transplants for blood cancer patients a step closer 15 February 2019 | Queensland researchers have conducted Australia’s first clinical trial using genetically engineered immune cells to make bone marrow transplantation for blood cancer safer. More information...
New study finds hysterectomies reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in some women 12 February 2019 | A new study by QIMR Berghofer researchers has found women who suffer from endometriosis or uterine fibroids and who undergo hysterectomies have a significantly lower risk of developing ovarian cancer than those... More information...
Australia’s melanoma rates once again highest in the world 07 February 2019 | Australia has regained the unenviable title of having the world’s highest rates of invasive melanoma. More information...
Peak health bodies recommend new approach to sunscreen use 25 January 2019 | The peak bodies responsible for sun safety advice in Australia and New Zealand have adopted a new policy on sunscreen use, recommending that people apply it daily as part of a regular morning routine. More information...
Study gives hope for preventing life-threatening viral infections in transplant patients 18 January 2019 | Australian researchers have made a breakthrough in understanding how a common herpes virus reactivates and causes life-threatening complications in patients with compromised immune systems. More information...
Queensland scientists create functioning human muscle in a dish 10 December 2018 | QIMR Berghofer researchers have created functioning miniature human skeletal muscle – a move that will accelerate research into muscle disease and treatments. More information...
Discovery holds promise for a new oesophageal cancer screening test 04 December 2018 | One of Australia’s most deadly cancers could in future be detected earlier, and with a simple blood test, thanks to research from QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute. More information...
QIMR Berghofer helps map the genetic makeup of disease-spreading mosquito 22 November 2018 | QIMR Berghofer scientists have helped map the most complete genetic picture of the potentially deadly Aedes aegypti mosquito. More information...
Clinical trial finds new immunotherapy improves MS symptoms 20 November 2018 | A world-first clinical trial of a new cellular immunotherapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) has found that it improved symptoms and quality of life for the majority of patients. More information...
Born with a taste for coffee or tea 15 November 2018 | If you have a taste for coffee and want to drink a lot of it, you were probably born that way. More information...



Social:   
comments powered by Disqus

All articles submitted by third parties or written by My Sunshine Coast come under our Disclaimer / Terms of Service